Cultural Landscapes Blog
Preservation Virginia is pleased to host the 31st annual Virginia Preservation Conference, an event that brings together architects, builders, preservationists, government leaders, developers, lawyers, local planning officials and others from across the Commonwealth.
This year’s conference will take place at The Paramount Theater and The Jefferson School African American Heritage Center on Sunday, October 16th and Monday, October 17th. Following the release of the third and final phase of Preservation Virginia's Economic Impact Study, the theme of the conference will revolve around expanded definitions of and the positive economic impacts and value of Heritage Tourism in Virginia.
As part of the conference program, the Center for Cultural Landscapes has partnered with The Cultural Landscape Foundation to present "Lawrence Halprin's Legacy: Charlottesville Mall" on Sunday, October 16 at 1:30pm. This tour, led by Beth Meyer (FASLA), Merrill D. Peterson Professor of Landscape Architecture and Director of the Center for Cultural Landscapes, will introduce participants to reasons behind the pedestrian mall's success, from its design expression to the adjacent constructed environment, from political figures who stewarded the Mall for decades to the urban demographic changes that have occurred since the 1970s. The walk will start with a “tuning score” designed by UVA Dance Lecturer Katie Schetlick to prepare visitors for the tour’s walking experience. The event is free but registration is required. For more information on this tour or to register, click here.
For full conference information or to register, click here.
In a recent interview on PBS News Hour, Terry Tempest Williams commemorates the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service with a meditation on what the parks symbolize in her personal life and how they help define what it means to be an American. You can read an excerpt below and the full interview here.
JEFFREY BROWN: Terry Tempest Williams, author, naturalist and environmental activist, grew up in Utah surrounded by national parks.
TERRY TEMPEST WILLIAMS, Author, “The Hour of Land”: They were our backyard. And with our family business, laying pipe in the American West, it was this wonderful juxtaposition between intrusion in the land and protected land.
JEFFREY BROWN: The story of the land, right?
TERRY TEMPEST WILLIAMS: So, I feel like the American West is in my bones in the deepest way. And I also felt conflicted at a really young age, because I saw my father, my uncle, my grandfather, my brothers digging trenches in the land.
And yet I saw prairie dogs on the side of the trenches. And my impulse was to protect them from the very destruction that was putting food around our table..
JEFFREY BROWN: One hundred years since the creation of the National Park Service, the contradictions and controversies over America’s public lands continue.
But there is no denying the popularity of the parks themselves, Great Smoky Mountains in the East, Yosemite in the West, Yellowstone, the oldest park, established in 1872, and so many more, large and small, natural landscapes and historic monuments, some 412 parks and sites in all.
And attendance records continue to be broken, with more than 300 million visits last year. In “The Hour of Land,” a Terry Tempest Williams, who still lives in Utah, has written part natural history, part memoir, part call for preservation.
The Center for Cultural Landscapes is proud to announce Genevieve Keller as the Distinguished Fellow for the 2016-2017 academic year. Genevieve Keller is a nationally known leader in historic preservation and cultural landscape practice and theory. Passionate about the relationship between people and place, Genevieve engages in public, private and academic practice combining a realistic assessment of political sensibilities with a firm belief in the power of visioning for inclusive, adaptive, and resilient historic places. Working with World Heritage Sites, National Parks, National Historic Landmarks, and National Register districts throughout the United States, Genevieve, along with J. Timothy Keller, FASLA, is co-founder of Land and Community Associates, an award-winning firm grounded in the collaborative and cross-disciplinary planning and landscape preservation initiatives that led to increased awareness and protection of significant landscapes in the United States. Her contributions in publication, most notably the internationally and nationally cited How To Evaluate and Nominate Designed Historic Landscapes and How To Evaluate and Nominate Rural Historic Landscapes, as well as contributions to Robert Stipe’s classic work on historic preservation A Richer Heritage and the National Trust’s book on rural conservation—Saving America’s Countryside—provide guidance to diverse individuals and groups involved in and advocating for landscape preservation, distinct communities, and historic places.
Genevieve graduated from Mary Washington College of the University of Virginia with honors in Latin American Studies, earned a Master of Architectural History from the University of Virginia School of Architecture, was a Loeb Fellow in Advanced Environmental Design at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, and undertook post-graduate studies in landscape architecture at the Edinburgh College of Art and University of Edinburgh. Genevieve served as Affiliate Associate Professor in the College of Design at Iowa State University from 1995 to 2015 where she co-directed outreach projects. She has taught landscape preservation courses at the University of Mary Washington, and as Visiting Professor in Architectural History at the University of Virginia School of Architecture taught courses in Community History and Historic Preservation Theory and Practice, and she coordinated the School of Architecture’s community-focused Vortex events in 2015 and 2016.
A recent article in UVA Today by Caroline Newman celebrates the legacy of Benjamin Howland, the late UVA landscape architecture professor who worked in the National Park Service for 30 years. As the NPS celebrates its 100th anniversary, Howland's papers, archived at UVA, shed light on some of its most famous sites. You can read an excerpt on the article below and the full piece online.
A professor who played a formative role in the University of Virginia’s landscape architecture program also left his mark on some of the United States’ greatest national treasures, including the White House, the Washington Monument and Yellowstone National Park. Before joining the UVA faculty in 1975, Benjamin Howland Jr. spent 30 years as a landscape architect in the National Park Service, which celebrated its 100th anniversary on Thursday. Howland’s papers, archived in UVA’s Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, offer behind-the-scenes insight into today’s parks, from Washington, D.C.’s historic landmarks to stunning, carefully preserved landscapes.
Howland arrived at UVA in the first year of the School of Architecture’s landscape architecture program and taught until his death in 1983. Today, an endowed lecture series and travel fellowship commemorate his influence on the program, along with a memorial tree outside the Lawn room that his daughter, Jane, occupied as a student. “Ben’s unbelievable expertise in connecting theory and practice is a major reason why, 45 years later, our program is in the top five nationally, competing with much older programs,” said Elizabeth Meyer, a professor of landscape architecture at UVA and a former student of Howland’s. Howland’s legacy also includes droves of students committed to public service, an ideal that he embraced as an architect and as a Marine during World War II, when he met his wife and fellow Marine, Susan. “He inspired many students to think about public service as well as private practice,” said Meyer, who cites Howland as the inspiration for her decision to teach at a public university. “That commitment to the public realm really came through Ben.”
As the National Park Service turns 100, UVA Today delved into Howland’s papers to learn more about his legacy.
With the Fall 2016 semester upon us, we have compiled a list of courses on cultural landscape topics across the University, many of which are taught by affiliate members of the Center for Cultural Landscapes. These courses give a sense of the breadth of disciplines and approaches that make up Landscape Studies, as well as the significant resources at UVA in this field across multiple departments.
AMST1559: Wilderness, Resource, and Real Estate
This course examines the physical and metaphorical landscape of America across time, exploring how we have shaped the landscape, used to it define ourselves as a nation, and asked it to serve as resource, religion, symbol, and setting.
ANTH5590: The Nature of Nature
Nature is a cultural construct paradoxically imagined as existing outside the realm of culture. As such Nature has a special kind of power. It is an unanswerable explanation for why things are as they are (e.g. That's just human nature). And it is a place to escape unpleasant aspects of civilization (e.g. I'm looking forward getting back to Nature this weekend). Nature presents reality both as it supposedly is and as it ideally should be. At the same time, in our present historical moment, a growing number of analysts are proclaiming "the end of Nature." In this seminar we will explore the evolution of Nature as a concept and a realm of reality, particularly with respect to various aspects of globalization. We will look at what kinds of work Nature has done over the years, what it may mean in other cultural contexts, and some of the implications of imagining that Nature is now coming to an end.
A recent article written by former UVA School of Architecture Professor Ethan Carr, published in the journal Nature in July 2016, traces the arc of influence in landscape creation and preservation from 'Capability' Brown to Frederick Law Olmsted and the US National Park Service. Professor Carr was instrumental in early conversations about the creation of a Center for Cultural Landscapes and now teaches at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. You can read an excerpt below and access the full article here.
A coincidence of commemorative dates makes this year an important one in the history of landscape design and scenic preservation. As the 300th anniversary of the birth of the landscape gardener Lancelot 'Capability' Brown is celebrated on one side of the Atlantic, the United States is marking the centenary of the National Park Service, the federal agency that acts as the steward of the nation's most iconic natural areas and historic shrines. The two are connected by the complex and evolving cultural construction of 'nature', its representations, its manifestations and its benefits.
Brown's landscape parks expressed the eighteenth-century's fascination with nature itself, which was increasingly the subject of scientific inquiry and a plethora of botanical and zoological discoveries. Nature offered templates for ordering society, too. When the poet Alexander Pope exhorted, “In all, let Nature never be forgot,” he was describing more than the new style of landscape gardening. Brown's composed scenes of pastoral greenswards and planted woodlands expressed picturesque aesthetic theory; they also imposed a more scientific and modern order on the land.
Friday, July 1, 2016 was the centennial of Lawrence Halprin’s birth. In celebration of his life and achievements, The Cultural Landscape Foundation is expanding its What's Out There Weekend format to include several months of tours of over a dozen landscapes designed by Lawrence Halprin and his firm that will run from July 23 to October 30. An excerpt from the TCLF website below gives more information about the initiative. To read the full article, click here.
What's Out There Weekends: The Public Landscapes of Lawrence Halprin will feature free, expert-led tours of landscapes across the country, from Portland, Oregon and The Sea Ranch, California, to Atlanta, Georgia and Charlottesville, Virginia. One tour will even take place in Jerusalem, Israel. The tours, held over a four-month period, will serve as a prelude to the unveiling of TCLF's annual Landslide initiative, which will increase the public visibility of Halprin's irreplaceable design legacy while promoting informed stewardship to guide these landscapes into the future. The capstone of these efforts will be an exhibition of original photography and artifacts titled The Landscape Architecture Legacy of Lawrence Halprin, set to open at the National Building Museum in Washington, D.C., in November and traveling thereafter.
The Atlantic City Lab recently published an article about a US park ranger who has uploaded thousands of maps of national park sites to a free website for the access and enjoyment of all. See an excerpt of the article below and read the full piece here.
Map addicts, you’ve been warned: A park ranger has been diligently uploading maps from hundreds of America’s national parks for the enjoyment, education and convenience of all. According to npmaps.com, some 1,053 high-resolution national park maps are available to view, save, and download for free. The site is not officially affiliated with the National Park Service, on whose vast and multifaceted web presence many of these maps also appear. Rather, it is a way to consolidate and organize the agency’s valuable cartographic resources, which represent some of the finest American mapmaking of the past century.
Matt Holly, a ranger with the NPS’ Natural Resource Stewardship and Science Directorate in Colorado, launched the website during the government shutdown of 2013, according to a recent interview with National Parks Traveler. He’s been updating gradually ever since, and as of last month had uploaded maps from about 100 of the country’s 411 national park units. Besides general park maps, the library includes trail maps, camping maps, nautical charts, guides to local geology and archeology, and more—all of them in the public domain. For each map, Holly removes excess text and branding, buffs up the image quality, and writes lively descriptions.
A recent essay in The Nature of Cities asks critical questions around how a sense of place can inform the agenda of urban environmental education. Co-written by Jennifer Adams, David Greenwood, Mitchell Thomashow, and Alex Russ, it includes a literature review and aims to "redefine education and research as forms of inquiry that are identifiably place-responsive and afford a multiplicity of approaches to define and describe people's relationships to the environment." The essay will appear as a chapter in Urban Environmental Education Review, edited by Alex Russ and Marianne Krasny, to be published by Cornell University Press in 2017. An excerpt of the essay is included below, and you can read the full piece here.
Research and scholarship around the relationship between “place” and learning reflects diverse perspectives, many of which are relevant to urban environmental education. Education scholars point to the need for people to develop specific “practices of place” that reflect embodied (perceptual and conceptual) relationships with local landscapes (natural, built, and human). Further, some scholars and researchers have used a lens of mobility—the globalized and networked flow of ideas, materials, and people—to build awareness of the relationship between the local and global in the construction of place in urban centers (Stedman and Ardoin, 2013). This suggests that understanding sense of place in the city generates an added set of situations and challenges, including dynamic demographics, migration narratives, and complex infrastructure networks, as well as contested definitions of natural environments (Heynen, Kaika and Swyngedouw, 2006). One critical question is how we think about sense of place in cities when places and people are constantly on the move. Given rural-urban migration, sense of place today includes where a person came from as much as where she now finds herself. In one study in a large, urban center in the U.S., Adams (2013) found that notions of “home” and identity for Caribbean-identified youth were largely constructed in the northeastern urban context in which they found themselves either through birth or immigration. Such dimensions of place relationships are vital for thinking about meaningful and relevant urban environmental education.
A recent article in the Washington Post by Joe Heim explores Virginia's most endangered places, which include black cemeteries, a legislative office complex, and a former slave dwelling. The article features the Daughters of Zion Cemetery, subject to a preservation battle here in Charlottesville, Virginia. Read an excerpt below to learn more:
The cemetery was historic but suffered from neglect. Tombstones had fallen over. Vandals had destroyed markers. Weeds ran wild. Edwina St. Rose was saddened by what she saw happening to the Daughters of Zion Cemetery in Charlottesville. She has relatives buried there, and it hurt to see their final resting place falling apart. So for the past few years, the Charlottesville native and a few of her friends have spent their free time trying to restore the African American cemetery, which was founded in 1873. The city of Charlottesville contributed $80,000 to help with the refurbishing. And now St. Rose and her friends are getting some extra attention for their effort.
The Daughters of Zion Cemetery is typical of many African American burial grounds across the state. Upkeep is expensive, and maintenance of the properties fell off as churches closed and communities dissolved. St. Rose says about 300 people are buried at the cemetery, but only about 150 markers remain. Her group, the Preservers of the Daughters of Zion Cemetery, has been working with landscape architects and monument preservers to salvage and restore the property. “It’s very rewarding to do this,” St. Rose says. “It’s very satisfying to know that I’m part of a project that’s going to help tell the story of African American history. And I hope that we can get more help to do that.”
To read the full article, click here.